How vulnerable are US voting machines to foreign hackers?

Aug 10, 2016

How vulnerable are US voting machines to foreign hackers?

The recent hack of Democratic National Committee computers, attributed by authorities to Russia, has many Americans worried about foreign influence swaying the upcoming presidential election.

The DNC breach provides an excellent example of political doxing. This co-opted 1990s hacker revenge technique employs extra-legal methods to acquire and publish an individual's personal information on the internet, computer security expert Bruce Schneier explained in an article for Motherboard. What's more, according to Schneier​, political doxing is trending among cybercriminals.

Following the initial theft of DNC emails and opposition research on Republican Presidential Nominee Donald J. Trump, anti-secrecy website WikiLeaks issued approximately 20,000 internal DNC emails, Rebecca Hersher reported for NPR.

The emails, along with subsequently released stolen voicemails, indicated that high-level DNC staff actively favored Hillary Clinton during the primary election, Tom LoBianco and David Wright reported for CNN. In the wake of this leak, DNC Chairwoman Debbie Wasserman Schultz offered her resignation, an embarrassment on the eve of the Democratic National Convention where Clinton accepted the party's presidential nomination.

Fears that the Russian government may use cybercrime to ensure a Trump presidency are swirling after Trump's suggestion that Russian intelligence should similarly acquire missing emails from Clinton's tenure as Secretary of State, LoBianco and Wright reported. Trump later claimed the comment was sarcastic, and Russian authorities deny any involvement in the DNC hack. However, many still raise the question of whether Russia might look to cyberattacks to influence the 2016 U.S. presidential election.

Electronic voting technology

Political doxing represents an eye-catching weak point in the American electoral system, but a quieter risk to ballot security lies in the age of voting machines. While electronic voting technology is hardly a new concept - the 2002 Help America Vote Act mandated that each county make a minimum of two electronic ballot boxes available to residents - most people might expect to find the most up-to-date technology when they head to the polls.

However, the reality disappoints. A 2015 report by the Brennan Center for Justice warned that modern voting machines differ from their predecessors in that they are not intended to function for decades. According to the report, equipment purchased after 2000 is expected to last between 10 and 20 years. Most electronic ballot boxes that debuted at the turn of the century were designed in the 1990s, creating several problems: Chiefly, the report asserted, as of 2016 43 states are using machines 10 or more years old, and 14 states are using machines at least 15 years old.

Not only is the technology more than a decade behind current innovations, but because of the equipment's age, finding replacements for damaged or worn-out parts can be difficult, the Brennan Center report noted. As the technology nears the end of its life expectancy, voting machines are at increasing risk of crashing.

Such errors can affect elections, Richard Forno reported in a recent Government Technology article. Forno noted that in 2004 North Carolina voting machines deleted 4,438 votes, for which there was no backup record. In the end, fewer than 2,000 votes determined the results of that same election, Cory Bennett noted in a 2014 article for The Hill.

Yet another trouble that surrounds electronic ballot boxes is the lack of funding for states to purchase updated technology. As the functionality of electronic voting machines begins to deteriorate across the country, the Brennan Center reported, 22 out of 31 states seeking to purchase new equipment in the next five years reported lacking the necessary funds. The national cost of replacing all outdated voting machines may be upward of $1 billion, the Brennan Center calculated.

What else could go wrong?

Beyond voting machine age and political doxing, U.S. elections face other technology issues. In an opinion article in The Washington Post, Schneier argued that directly influencing electronic ballots is not the only way foreign governments might tamper with a U.S. election. Schneier expressed concerns about electronic voter records, stating that foreign cybercriminals could access and delete such information.

In a May 2016 article on election fraud, The Hill's Cory Bennett also cited the security of voter data as an important issue to address. Quoting the CEO of secure digital election system advocate group Free & Fair, Joseph Kiniry, Bennett made the case that by deleting select voter registration data, hackers have the power to easily wreak havoc on elections and noted that stolen voter information is somewhat valuable in of itself, with packages of 5 to 10 million records selling for $1,350 to $2,250 on the dark web, providing a further motive to potential cyber criminals.

What's more, Bennett asserted, security guidelines are not consistent between states, and some categorize voter information as "public record." This classification means that states are not mandated to meet the federal security standards placed upon "personally identifiable information" for voter data, which is not viewed as such.

In his Government Technology article, Forno explained that electronic ballot boxes face security risks due to the voting process itself. In order to successfully serve each precinct, voting machines are spread out across their county's municipal gird. Furthermore, votes must be transferred to a higher voting office to be tallied, creating vulnerable junctures that hackers could attack, Forno noted.

In order to ensure accurate election results, Forno concluded, the hardware and the network connection linking electoral machines must be secure. In addition, the electronic ballot boxes' software and the states' local tabulating software must be able to resist cyberattacks.

What is the alternative?

Some states have opted to return to traditional paper ballots, citing security concerns. In fact, Bennett asserted, more than half the states have begun to revert to paper ballots.

A more high-tech alternative to cybercrime risks is to invest in securing and updating electronic voting machines. While Forno made it clear that he does not believe that any given piece of electoral equipment is likely to be sabotaged by a foreign government, he maintained the importance of securing voting machines to ensure the legitimacy and accuracy of U.S. elections.

The best solution seems to come when paper and digital meet in the middle. Other states can take their cue from Ohio, which passed legislation requiring all precincts to use only voting machines that generate a voter-verified paper trail, according to Bennett.

In addition, allocating funds to meet the impending costs of upgrading electrical equipment, as estimated by the Brennan Center, is also a necessary step for states to take, should they wish to maintain electronic voting machines.

In the face of election security concerns, state governments are wise to update their voting machines.


Category: Cybersecurity
Add Pingback

Please add a comment

You must be logged in to leave a reply. Login »

Category List

Demos (6)
Intel Xeon Scalable processors (4)
Solution Overview (3)
Storage and Archive (5)
Technology (62)
Compliance (11)
Industrial Automation (3)
Data Center (34)
Industry News and Trends (53)
Oil and Gas (2)
Research & Development (3)
Appliance Model and Methodology (1)
Green IT (2)
System Integration (13)
Internet of Things (8)
Customer experience (4)
Defense Architecture (6)
Cybersecurity (85)
Survey (2)
Cloud Computing (55)
Application decommissioning (1)
Telecom Platform Deployment (7)
Health Monitoring (1)
System Architecture (4)
Storage & Archive (9)
Application Management (4)
Events (46)
Ivy Bridge (1)
Dell EMC OEM (8)
Manuals (2)
Collateral (2)
Systems Integration Partner (3)
Logistics & Compliance (6)
Wireless Infrastructure (31)
Intel (11)
Data Backup and Data Loss Prevention (6)
OEM Partnership (3)
Virtualization (5)
Dell Technologies OEM | Embedded & Edge Solutions (1)
Financial Services (2)
Online File Sharing (35)
Data Backup (2)
Product Lifecycle Support (3)
Mobile Device Management (32)
Big Data (1)
Sales Kick-Off (2)
Data Security (82)
Global Logistics (6)
Collaboration (15)
Customer Portal (1)
Document Management (1)
Technology predictions (1)
Homeland Security (3)
Education (4)
Public Safety (61)
Strategic Planning (9)
Cyber Security (3)
Edge Computing (2)
Dell OEM Platforms (3)
Customer Communications Management (2)
Mainframe Modernization (12)
News (27)
Application Deployment (21)
Dell Technologies (1)
Manufacturing (1)
IoT (1)
Transportation (19)
Healthcare IT (4)
Trade Compliance (3)
e-Recycling (3)
System and Data Management (5)
Supply Chain (1)
Transparent Supply Chain (2)
Products and Services (9)
Dell EMC Servers (1)
Security (8)
Cloud Storage (16)
Global Support Services (11)
Hardware Appliance (13)
Self-service portals (1)
Application Development (2)
5G (3)
Solutions (8)
Digital Transformation (5)
integration and distribution (1)
Information Governance (5)
Edge Servers (4)

Tag List

InSync Suite (34)
Low Profile PCI (10)
Custom-Built Servers (1)
Batch Processing (6)
Datacenter, NetApp, DCOI, Compliance, data center optimization (1)
Micro (5)
Global Services (1)
Copper (17)
Disk Management (9)
Intel 10nm SuperFin Technology (1)
Global Expansion (1)
Technology Transitions (10)
Partners (2)
UNICOM Engineering Products (4)
Loop Detection (3)
Optane memory (1)
Dell Technologies (4)
Compact Flash (3)
High Bandwidth Memory (1)
Document Management and Delivery (164)
Independent Software Vendors (1)
Singlemode (4)
Automated Operations (68)
ntel Xeon Scalable Processor Family (1)
Document Composition (13)
30 Pin (5)
Financial Services (1)
certifications (1)
Administration (1)
Console Server (8)
Web-Based (1)
ATCA (1)
Content Management (32)
z/VM (16)
Dell EMC PowerScale Storage (1)
Grown Defects on HDDs (1)
Remote Access (8)
e-waste (2)
IoT (8)
QuickAssist (1)
Output Management (142)
Java (10)
2019 Partner of the Year (1)
video data storage (2)
Dashboard (4)
Dell EMC OEM PowerEdge (2)
Security (20)
Advance Replacement Support Program (1)
deep technology (1)
financing (1)
Dell PowerEdge C4140 (1)
ISO Standards (2)
UNICOM Engineering Customer Portal (1)
Line Consolidation (5)
Resource Management (7)
4GL (5)
low-power (1)
Atom C3000 (2)
Global Support (3)
Systems Management (18)
GDPR (1)
VSAM (27)
Fleet Management (1)
Dell OEM (1)
Knowledge base (3)
Synon (5)
Capacity Planning (23)
Dell Technologies OEM Solutions Partner Summit and Awards (1)
Gigabit (22)
Systems Monitoring (2)
SSD (1)
Dell EMC OEM (2)
WebSphere (1)
architecture (2)
Menu Management (13)
ISC West (1)
VROC (1)
Forward Stocking Locations (1)
PowerVault ME5 (1)
Intel Xeon Scalable Processor Family (5)
Network Attached Storage (6)
Aggregation (15)
Expansion Card (3)
Telephony (11)
Ethernet (13)
State and local Government (1)
Cellular (12)
trade compliance (2)
Dell EMC OEM PowerEdge 14th Generation Servers (2)
Performance Analysis (5)
UniGW 2.0 (3)
Speed Leveling (8)
Intel Optane SSDs (2)
Partnership (4)
IPMI (1)
Extension (4)
Tape Management (8)
NAB (1)
PDQ (5)
Eclipse (30)
Omni-Path (3)
ProGen Plus Interface (4)
EU Lot 9 Regulations (4)
Application Modernization (12)
56K (48)
Technology (22)
Help Management (4)
RAID (1)
Spool File Management (9)
Dell EMC PowerStore Storage (1)
DellTechWorld (1)
Web Access (7)
Storage Area Networking (SAN) (1)
Cable (18)
Asset Management (2)
Risk Management (2)
Gateway (11)
TeamBLUE (5)
CICS Applications (11)
Lewisburg PCH (1)
electronic waste (2)
Document Processing (125)
Compression (4)
Voice (5)
Public Sector (1)
RSA Conference (10)
Optane (1)
2nd Generation Intel Xeon Processor Family (1)
Transitioning to Haswell (1)
Application Deployment (3)
SDXC (3)
Portfolio Management (5)
System Performance Monitoring (5)
Problem and Incident Management (3)
Intel Atom (2)
product lifecycle support (1)
SD (3)
Security Management (8)
Edge computing (12)
VTAM (33)
Port Server (8)
CDMA (5)
Cloud Storage (2)
PCIe (10)
MLperf (1)
Data Center (1)
purpose built hardware (1)
Accounting (6)
digital transformation (2)
Data protection (5)
Card Reader (3)
Intel Xeon Scalable Processors (14)
Solaris (3)
Hub (4)
ECM (1)
JES Administration (10)
CICS Print (1)
TSO (3)
IoT Challenges (1)
gold (1)
Window Management (4)
5G Network (2)
Synchronization (1)
PCI (20)
UNICOM Engineering Flexibility (3)
iDRAC with Quick Sync 2 mobile-based management (1)
VSAM Forward Data Recovery (5)
Imports (1)
Columbus Suite (140)
V.Everything (8)
Code Editor (10)
virtualization (1)
Solution Design (2)
storage and networking (1)
VOEM (1)
Dell EMC Titanium OEM (2)
CICS (85)
Dell EMC (4)
Golf Classic (1)
Document Management (1)
servers (3)
Golf Classic 2019 (1)
Intel (8)
Cost Accounting Standards (1)
z/OS (306)
Automated Data Compression (5)
server architecture (1)
Application Lifecycle Management (43)
UNICOM Engineering Services (1)
Macro-Level Interpreter (2)
Networking Capability (1)
Lewisburg (1)
Support Services (3)
Half Duplex (10)
golf classic, humanitarian, charity, philanthropy, engineering, (2)
File Management (19)
Online Help (11)
Line Probing (18)
Accessory (5)
Intel Xeon Scalable Based Platforms (2)
Advance Replacement Services (1)
Dell Platforms (2)
Enterprise Content Management (1)
ALM (32)
Logistics and Trade Compliance (2)
GSM (8)
Intel® Atom® C3000 (2)
OEM (8)
Intel Atom C3000 (5)
Skylake Purley (1)
Intel Optane Persistent Memory (2)
Sandy Bridge (4)
UNICOM Engineering (12)
Data security (5)
AIX (6)
recycle electronics (2)
Modem (51)
Software Change Management (32)
Diagnostic (3)
Embedded (5)
NVMe (1)
Dell PowerStore (1)
Physical Security (1)
Intel Partner Connect (3)
Dial-up (69)
Windows (66)
Transparent Supply Chain (2)
Application Development (7)
Skylake (1)
Intel Chiplet Technology (1)
Library Management (10)
electronic recycling (2)
silver (1)
Helpdesk (3)
Data Management (69)
Controller (28)
4G (1)
Intel Partner Forum (1)
Batch Schedule (6)
Wireless Mesh (4)
USB 3.0 (30)
Product Compliance (1)
Dell EMC Powerlex (1)
Storage Management (9)
Reliability (4)
Video Surveillance (2)
EVDO (5)
Tablet (9)
3270 Terminals (7)
Compliance Management (1)
Statement of Conformance (1)
Advance Server Replacement (1)
GPS (8)
Defects (1)
Business (5)
platinum (1)
Dell Technologies OEM & IoT (7)
Fiber (9)
trade rules and regulations (2)
Reporting (68)
distribution (1)
QAT (1)
5G (7)
z/VSE (132)
Zero Trust (1)
Analysis (8)
Firewall (5)
REXX (2)
NAS (6)
Federal Government (1)
Performance Monitoring (5)
appliance servers (4)
Stand (9)
Content Transformation (1)
eReader (4)
Advanced Job Scheduling (9)
Consolidation (2)
USB (54)
Autonomous Driving (1)
Virtual OEM (2)
Cyber Security (13)
Automated Messaging (9)
Centralized Control (1)
Dell EMC Isilon (2)
Full Duplex (19)
UNIX/Linux (18)
India (1)
GCS (7)
Issue Tracking (5)
Brand Protection (1)
Cybersecurity Awareness Month (5)
File Delivery (1)
V.Everywhere (8)
Debugging (30)
Intel Optane (6)
Flash ROM (28)
Cybersecurity (2)
Productivity (38)
bronze (1)
Dell Security (1)
Console Management (19)
Application Lifecycle (2)
Performance Management (83)
HDDs (1)
Java, PC, and Web Version Control (3)
memory (1)
Automated (2)
External (23)
e-recycling (2)
SCM (32)
Help Desk (2)
Dell (1)
Business Intelligence (15)
Skylake (2)
purpose-built hardware (3)
Intel Xeon Scalable (3)
UNICOM Engineering Expertise (3)
Artificial Intelligence (4)
Custom Server Branding (2)
SDHC (3)
Regulatory Compliance (9)
DIP switches (5)
database IOPS1 (1)
Message Console Management (9)
Web-Enablement (11)
Intel E810 (1)
appliance (1)
Intel 144-Layer 3D NAND Flash Memory (1)
Network (1)
System Integration (5)
Deployment Partner (2)
V.22 (15)
Linux (33)
Automated Job Scheduling (6)
Session Management (36)
UNICOM Engineering Global Scale (3)
Dell EMC Unity XT (2)
Dell 15G (2)
Carrier Loss Redial (8)
PowerEdge 14G Servers (4)
TLM (1)
HPC (1)
integration (1)
ExpressCard (5)
File Sharing (10)
Database (25)
Policy Management (1)
Archiving (1)
Brexit (1)
Dell Technologies World (5)
Power Switch (8)
IBM i (105)
Code Path Analysis (11)
Cloud (1)
Systems Integration (4)
PIE/TSO Suite (15)
Softmodem (5)
Dell Technologies OEM Design Solutions Experience (1)
File Processing (8)
Dell EMC PowerVault ME4 (2)
CA 2E (5)
VM (7)
Internal (25)
Multi-Mode (5)
Intel Optane DC (3)
CARTS Suite (10)
Smartphone (9)
FPGA (1)
microarchitecture (1)
Fault Analysis and Testing (62)
HSPA+ (5)
Lease to own (1)
Whitepaper (5)
Backup (3)
Hybrid (8)
UNICOM Government Services (1)
Mac (5)
software (2)
Event (9)
Terminal Emulation (10)
Technology Trends (7)
data storage (4)
Serial (40)
Dell EMC OEM Storage (4)
VSE (7)
Intel SmartNICs (1)
Purley (2)
PowerEdge (1)
services (1)
J2EE (2)
Print Management (137)
computing (2)
Mexico (1)
Data Backup (12)
AI (5)
Internet of Things (6)
Global Expansion Partners (1)
Global (15)
Data File Management (5)
RSA 2018 (1)
Leasing (1)
Strategic Partner (1)
trade restrictions (1)
Government (2)
VMware vSAN cluster1 (1)
Regeneration (2)
solutions development (2)
Dell 14G (1)
Modemulator (6)
Production Printing (1)
Intel® (12)
Quality (1)
PIE/CICS Suite (13)
Line Sharing (11)
Dell EMC ProSupport (1)
Cloud Computing (2)
Data Privacy Week (1)
TAP (26)
customs and trade (1)
IMS (10)
2021 Dell OEM NA Partner of the Year (1)
communications (1)
Storage Appliances (7)
edge servers (3)
Job Accounting (5)
Modem Emulation (6)

Tag Cloud

ALMrecycle electronicsHigh Bandwidth MemoryReliabilityIntel 144-Layer 3D NAND Flash MemoryPartnersDell EMCDell EMC Titanium OEMNVMeData Privacy WeekMicroExpressCardEmbedded4GSkylakeAutonomous DrivingContent TransformationDefectsUNICOM Government ServicesStorage Area Networking (SAN)Batch ScheduleColumbus SuiteExpansion CardQATApplication DeploymentHalf DuplexCloudDell 15GISO StandardsSolution DesignPowerEdge 14G Serverstrade complianceWindowsDellUNICOM Engineering ProductsDell EMC OEM PowerEdge 14th Generation Serversgolf classic, humanitarian, charity, philanthropy, engineering,4GLAdvance Replacement ServicesMenu ManagementMacro-Level InterpreterCustom Server BrandingSecurity ManagementSandy BridgeDell EMC PowerScale StorageFull DuplexIntelAIXDell EMC OEM StorageIoT ChallengesHelp DeskUNICOM Engineering Servicese-wasteInSync SuiteAdvance Server ReplacementState and local GovernmentIntel 10nm SuperFin TechnologyVROCLewisburg PCHCloud ComputingEdge computingConsolidationDatacenter, NetApp, DCOI, Compliance, data center optimizationLANSAz/VSESpool File ManagementUNICOM EngineeringCDMAAtom C3000eReaderOptaneQuickAssistCellularIPMIUNICOM Engineering ExpertiseStrategic PartnerSkylakecomputingModemulatorArchivingLogistics and Trade ComplianceFile ManagementBackupCard ReaderSecurityProduct ComplianceDebuggingConsole ManagementPortfolio ManagementOptane memoryiDRAC with Quick Sync 2 mobile-based managementCableintegrationpurpose built hardwareTerminal EmulationDocument ProcessingCICS PrintIntel AtomEthernetdigital transformation3270 TerminalsCode EditorECMTabletHPCMexicoJES AdministrationMulti-ModeLine SharingIntel Optane SSDsTSO2nd Generation Intel Xeon Processor FamilyRAIDJavaExtensionGSMAsset ManagementMacCARTS SuiteIntel Atom C3000Automated OperationsCost Accounting Standardstrade restrictionsDell PlatformsProGen Plus InterfaceDell EMC PowerlexCopperProductivityLease to ownelectronic recycling2021 Dell OEM NA Partner of the YearGlobalGlobal Expansion PartnersVMImportsDell EMC PowerVault ME4CompressioncertificationsResource ManagementV.EverywhereFile Sharingedge serversCyber SecurityIBM iApplication ModernizationStand2019 Partner of the YearISC WestmemoryWeb-EnablementHybridGPSGigabitPCIeDIP switchesTechnology Trendsvideo data storagegoldNABHSPA+File Processing56KFlash ROMGCSV.22Application Lifecycle ManagementIntel SmartNICsWindow ManagementPolicy ManagementInternalTelephonyDocument ManagementIntel E810Batch ProcessingAccountingAdministrationCA 2ESSDstorage and networkingmicroarchitectureData protectionfinancingWebSpheresilverUNICOM Engineering Global ScaleDocument CompositionAutomated Job SchedulingArtificial IntelligenceAIWCDMASDHCIntel Optane DCDeployment PartnerModemUNIX/LinuxPort ServerInternet of ThingsBusiness IntelligenceOnline HelpWhitepaperDell PowerEdge C4140Video SurveillanceVSAM Forward Data RecoveryCarrier Loss RedialTeamBLUEIntel Xeon ScalablecommunicationsbronzeIndependent Software VendorsDell TechnologiesVTAMFPGADell SecurityAnalysisPerformance MonitoringAutomated Data CompressionGovernmentSynonDell OEMPerformance ManagementTechnologyBrand ProtectionNetwork Attached StorageSystems ManagementEventSDXCExternalHubz/VMIntel Xeon Scalable Processor FamilyFault Analysis and Testingproduct lifecycle supportRisk ManagementSystem Performance MonitoringQualityEU Lot 9 RegulationsservicesWeb AccessHelpdeskEVDOe-recyclingDell Technologies WorldGlobal ServicesGlobal SupportLinuxWeb-BasedPowerEdgeDell EMC PowerStore Storage30 PinData securitySmartphonesolutions developmentIntel Partner ForumAccessoryDial-upLine ConsolidationGlobal ExpansionDell EMC IsilonHelp ManagementSinglemodeCloud StorageAutomated MessagingIMSIndiaTAPVoicez/OSSupport ServicesLine ProbingData BackupDashboardBrexitapplianceCICSNASLoop DetectionProduction PrintingSynchronizationPhysical SecurityPDQIssue TrackingKnowledge baseDell EMC ProSupportSoftmodemdatabase IOPS1System Integrationvirtualizationelectronic wasteFleet ManagementIoTModem EmulationGolf Classic 2019Intel®UNICOM Engineering FlexibilitySystems MonitoringMessage Console ManagementStorage AppliancesCompact FlashSession ManagementFile DeliveryATCADell Technologies OEM Design Solutions Experiencetrade rules and regulationsSkylake PurleySystems IntegrationCybersecurityApplication LifecycleVirtual OEMDellTechWorldData CenterOmni-PathPowerVault ME5Dell EMC Unity XTAdvanced Job Scheduling5G NetworkUNICOM Engineering Customer PortalFinancial ServicesEnterprise Content ManagementCybersecurity Awareness MonthOEMIntel Xeon Scalable ProcessorsarchitectureGatewayMLperfRegulatory ComplianceCapacity Planningserver architecturentel Xeon Scalable Processor FamilyReportingTape ManagementIntel Optane Persistent MemoryStatement of ConformanceSoftware Change ManagementEclipseGolf ClassicAutomatedsoftwareIntel Partner ConnectControllerPIE/TSO SuiteV.Everything5GDell PowerStoreCustom-Built ServersPCIApplication DevelopmentDell 14GdistributionCode Path AnalysisRegenerationDatabaseFiberPerformance AnalysisVSAMplatinumSolarisUSB 3.0customs and tradeLewisburgSCMStorage ManagementJ2EEZero TrustTechnology TransitionsAdvance Replacement Support ProgramPower SwitchTransparent Supply ChainWireless MeshConsole ServerIntel® Atom® C3000Networking CapabilityJob AccountingDisk ManagementForward Stocking LocationsData File ManagementSpeed LevelingAggregationIntel Xeon Scalable Based PlatformsPurleyRSA 2018Dell Technologies OEM & IoTPublic SectorLeasingdeep technologyPrint ManagementGDPRDell EMC OEM PowerEdgeOutput ManagementJava, PC, and Web Version ControlCICS ApplicationsContent ManagementUSBVSEDell EMC OEMappliance serversTransitioning to HaswellVMware vSAN cluster1Data ManagementSDCentralized Controldata storageLow Profile PCIGrown Defects on HDDsFederal GovernmentREXXDell Technologies OEM Solutions Partner Summit and Awardspurpose-built hardwareLibrary ManagementBusinessNetworkIntel OptaneCompliance ManagementTLMVOEMSerialDocument Management and DeliveryRSA ConferenceProblem and Incident ManagementIntel Chiplet TechnologyDiagnosticlow-powerFirewallserversUniGW 2.0HDDsPartnershipRemote AccessPIE/CICS Suite